Periodontitis

More than bleeding gums

Beautiful, healthy, white teeth – who doesn’t want that?  The condition of your teeth has a decisive influence on our health, self-esteem and enjoyment of life.  It is simply better for you with nice, healthy teeth.  A self-confident smile is oftentimes connected to private and professional success in this day and age. With our modern treatment methods from the division of aesthetic dentistry, we offer you the chance to always smile naturally and brilliantly.

What is Periodontitis?

Periodontitis is a disease of the periodontium and is one of mankind’s most common. Bacteria and an inflammatory reaction of the body cause periodontitis. As a result, the jawbone is destroyed which, in turn, can cause tooth loss in the case of an advanced-stage disease. Untreated, rare forms of periodontitis can reach this stage even for young adults. By itself, gum inflammation is difficult to recognize. In the earliest stage, you will notice an increased tendency towards bleeding of the gums. The gums can also be swollen and you can see a discolored, bacterial coating on the teeth.

Causes and development of Periodontitis.

Gum inflammation is always a warning sign of periodontitis. In most cases, this can be successfully treated with a tooth cleaning.  Plaque located under and over the gums causes the inflammation. This plaque consists of food remains, saliva and, above all, bacteria, whose acidic excretions lead to both tooth decay as well as gum inflammation. If it is not removed from under the gums in a timely manner, the plaque spreads deeper in the direction of the tooth’s root.  As a result, a gap between the root and the gum develops, a periodontal pocket.  It presents an ideal habitat for bacteria, and poisons from the bacterial metabolism corrode the jawbone and gums. If the jawbone is ever destroyed, it will never fully regenerate. Not only genetic factors, but also stress allergies, diabetes and, above all, smoking, present the greatest risk for periodontitis.

Parodontologie : Gesundes Zahnfleisch
Healthy gums
Parodontologie : Erkranktes Zahnfleisch ist gerötet, blutet leicht und ist am Zahnhals häufig leicht geschwollen.
Diseased gums are red, bleeds easily and is often slightly swollen at the neck of the tooth.
Parodontologie : Bei Fortschreiten der Entzündung zieht sich das Zahnfleisch zwischen den Zähnen zurück. Es ist gerötet und teilweise deutlich geschwollen.
With progression of the inflammation the gum pulls back between the teeth . It is red and partially swollen significantly.
Parodontologie : Durch den Verlust an Knochensubstanz sind die Zähne bei Parodontitis bereits gelockert.
The complete loss of bone , the teeth are already loosened by periodontitis.

For this reason, it is important to seek therapy for the disease as quickly as possible. If the disease is not stopped, it leads to the loosening of teeth and eventually tooth loss. Untreated periodontitis presents increased risk of both complications during pregnancy, as well as heart disease and diabetes.

Which symptoms emerge?

Most often, the disease progresses unnoticed and relatively slowly and is therefore only discovered very late. Since periodontitis does not usually cause pain, even minimal bleeding of the gums should be considered a serious warning signal. Besides this, bad breath, changes in teeth position, elongating and loosening teeth, and occasional pain can arise.

How can I prevent periodontal disease?

Careful oral hygiene is most important in order to prevent periodontitis. Additionally is the teeth cleaning described under PROPHYLAXIS in the form of a PZR or Recalls. As with pure brushing it is not possible to remove permanently all deposits, especially in the interdental spaces and below the gum line itself. Therefore, here is additional professional help in the form of individual prophylaxis necessary.

 

How is Periodontitis Treated?

Existing periodontitis is halted through systematic periodontal treatment. The basis of every treatment is therefore the complete elimination of the responsible bacterial plaque. According to the initial situation, multiple treatments are necessary for this to occur: pretreatment, treatment and post-treatment. There are different aggressive bacteria and therefore different types of periodontitis, which require additional treatment methods, including bacterial tests, antibiotics, and a surgically performed bone regeneration (GTR Guided Tissue Regeneration).

After-treatment - Recall!

Through a directed therapy, one can initially hold the disease at bay. Through our daily food intake, however, plaque finds its way between the tooth and gums anew. It is important, therefore, to have this plaque professionally removed at regular intervals and thereby protect against new diseases. By doing this, you counteract further damage to the periodontium and tooth loss for the long term. The goal is the maintenance of the entire organism’s health, as well as to be able to enjoy a pretty smile with your own teeth as you age.